A healthy human body has two kidneys that are responsible for filtering toxins out of the blood and
removing waste, regulating blood pressure, and maintaining a balance of fluids and nutrients.
The kidneys have a critical function in the body and failure of the kidneys can be
life-threatening. A Nephrologist is a physician who has been educated and trained in the diagnosis
and management of kidney diseases and disorders related to the kidneys, such as high blood
pressure, diabetes, or acute or chronic renal failure.
Nephrologists must have a strong understanding of mineral metabolism, the science behind
pharmaceutical medicines, and must be able to manage dialysis and renal transplant patients.